Beyond the obvious aesthetic and economic benefit of creating active, healthy, livable streets; important safety benefits accrue to all road users under a Complete Streets Model. You do not have to take my word for it, here is what the Federal Highways Administration had to say on January 12, 2012, in its: Guidance Memorandum on Promoting the Implementation of Proven Safety Countermeasures
“We are highly confident that certain processes, infrastructure design techniques, and highway features are effective and their use should be encouraged.”
The FHWA memo recommends use of Proven Safety Countermeasures for urban and suburban locations; including:
- Road Diets,
- Pedestrian Hybrid Beacons,
- Medians and Pedestrian Crossing Islands in Urban and Suburban Areas,
- Corridor Access Management and
- Roundabouts, among others.
Proven Safety Countermeasures are known to reduce the number and severity of crashes under specific conditions. Matching the countermeasure with the crash type can be as much an art as a science, but Crash Modification factors can predict an outcome based upon experience at other locations. Resources for Countermeasure Selection are available for Pedestrian Crashes and Bicycle Crashes.
Complete Streets accommodate public use; including transportation. Walking, cycling, resting, and refreshing are all part of the mix of activities that must be accommodated, along with cars.
The “street” includes the space from the store fronts on one side of the travel way to the store fronts on the other. A complete planning process considers all of the elements that influence the experience of road users in this public space.
Each create a road map to make a community’s streets complete.
CNU’s focus on networks recognizes the value of trip reduction through integrated land use and transportation planning.
The Project for Public Spaces focuses on streets as public spaces and promotes Placemaking as a form of urban renewal. PPS maintains a working alliance with the National Center for Bicycling & Walking.
The National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP), administered by the Transportation Research Board (TRB) of the National Academies has issued Going the Distance Together: A Citizen’s Guide to Context Sensitive Solutions for Better Transportation
Context-sensitive solutions (CSS), is a consensus-building process that invites you to become a full collaborator in all aspects of transportation planning, from national, state, and local policy to operations and maintenance; from broad community visioning to specific project construction.
CSS is based on the principle that if transportation professionals—policy-makers, planners, engineers, designers and operators—and citizen stakeholders collaborate, all parties will have less to criticize and more to applaud.